World Trade Center Master Plan

In 2002, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) announced a competition for a master plan to develop the 16 acres in Lower Manhattan destroyed by the terrorist attack of 9/11. Studio Libeskind’s design, “Memory Foundations,” won the commission.

In designing the master site plan, Daniel Libeskind worked closely with all the stakeholders, knowing that it was fundamental to balance the memory of the tragedy with the need to foster a vibrant and working neighborhood. In the end, he devoted half of the 16-acre site to public space, defined by the Memorial and the Memorial Museum, while also setting aside locations for sustainable, high-tech office towers, re-connecting the historic street-grid, reinvigorating the streetscape with above-ground retail, reshaping the underground transit concourses and even finding room for two major new public facilities: an iconic new transportation station and a performing arts center.

The results are becoming visible with the opening of a 200-foot stretch of street and sidewalk on Greenwich Street, which hasn’t existed since the 1960s. The Memorial Museum opened in spring 2014, with underground galleries that reveal the slurry wall that withstood the terrorist attack and will forever remain as a testament to the strength of America’s foundations.  One World Trade opened in early 2015 with the symbolic height of 1,776 feet.  The Transportation Hub was completed in 2016 and Three World Trade was completed in 2018. Two World Trade is the next building in the master plan to be constructed.

Studio Libeskind has been coordinating with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, City of New York, and the architects of the individual buildings to realize the master plan.


2018 – CTBUH Urban Habitat Award
2012 – AIA National Service Medal
2004 – Best of New York Award, for the ‘Building of New York’, Hosted by the New York City College of Technology Foundation, New York, USA

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Light and the Space of the Void – Sandra Gering Inc, New York City

Light and the Space of the Void
July 9 – September 12, 2015

SANDRA GERING INC. is pleased to present Light and the Space of the Void , an exhibition curated by architect and author Alexander Gorlin.

The exhibition takes as its inspiration Gorlin’s 2013 publication Kabbalah in Art and Architecture, an engrossing look at the author’s perspectives on how aspects of Kabbalah can be seen, either directly or indirectly, in many modern and contemporary works. Specifically, the exhibition’s focus is on the aspects of ‘light’ and its
relationship to ‘void’ in various forms.

Although many artists throughout history have used light as theme or subject, the group here is presented metaphorically, and can be perceived to have either mystical or secular qualities depending on the viewer’s standpoint. Whether it is light created through the abject nature of ‘void’ or simply because a work seems to physically possess a feeling of interior illumination, it is clear that these works can be described as triumphant in nature. A literal interpretation is not the focus, rather, a ‘location’ or space for contemplation. Abstractly, void (as understood as empty or nothing) here is shown to give opportunity to one’s interpretation of ‘beginning’. With the architects in particular, it can be seen as a way to interpret a quality of hope. The museums, monuments, synagogues and other structures that incorporate light into their design are featured prominently in Gorlin’s theory, far exceeding the idea of windows as light-allowing structures. In addition, a theme briefly touched upon in Gorlin’s book is the physical perception of sound; in the exhibition it is represented as both ‘sound as void’ and ‘light as sound’.

The artists and architects represented in Light and the Space of the Void are Daniel Buren, Peter Eisenman, Steven Holl, Anish Kapoor, Anselm Kiefer, Yayoi Kusama, Daniel Libeskind, Gordon Matta-Clark, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Stephen Vitiello and Frank Lloyd Wright, as well as Alexander Gorlin. Gorlin opened his practice in Manhattan upon returning from the American Academy in Rome where he won the Rome Prize in Architecture. A graduate of both the Cooper Union School of Architecture and the Yale School of Architecture, Gorlin applies modernist and classicist principles to a broad range of projects ranging from residential work to schools, religious buildings and affordable housing. Gorlin has been named one of Architectural Digest’s Top 100 Architects since 2000. His work has been exhibited in New York’s Museum of Modern Art, the Venice Biennale and the Chicago Athenaeum, and published in The New York Times, Architectural Record and Interior Design magazine. He is the subject of a critically acclaimed 1997 monograph, Alexander Gorlin: Buildings and Projects . Gorlin lives and works in New York.


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Daniel Libeskind Nowness : In Residence

For the Polish-born architect Daniel Libeskind, the crossroads of west Tribeca in lower Manhattan have been the nexus of his private and professional life for over a decade: his 2,100-square-foot loft sits just five blocks north of ground zero, and in 2003, Libeskind won the competition to be the Master Plan architect for the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site, which today stands in finished form.

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Daniel Libeskind, “Drawing a New Architecture” feature by Ian Volner, Autumn 2014

Drawing a new architecture
Writer Ian Volner
Photographer Mark Peckmezian
Daniel Libeskind wasn’t even supposed to be in New York. He was supposed to be in Dallas, Texas, for a symposium on urban issues—one of the countless conventions, colloquia, and festivals for which the architect has become a regular ornament over the course of his long career. Only two weeks prior, in early June, he had been in Venice for the city’s Architecture Biennale; before that, it was Manila; the week following, London. But on this very summery mid-June afternoon, Libeskind’s itinerant lifestyle had finally caught up with him, and he was laid low with a strep throat that had him recuperating at home in Manhattan.

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Daniel Libeskind

An international figure in architecture and urban design, Daniel Libeskind is renowned for his ability to evoke cultural memory in buildings. Informed by a deep commitment to music, philosophy, literature, and poetry, Mr. Libeskind aims to create architecture that is resonant, unique and sustainable.

Born in Lód’z, Poland, in 1946, Mr. Libeskind immigrated to the United States as a teenager and, with his family, settled in the Bronx. He received the American-Israel Cultural Foundation Scholarship and performed as a musical virtuoso, before eventually leaving music to study architecture. He received his professional degree in architecture from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art in 1970 and a postgraduate degree in the history and theory of architecture from the School of Comparative Studies at Essex University in England in 1972.

In 1989, Mr. Libeskind won the international competition to build the Jewish Museum in Berlin. He moved his young family to Berlin and devoted more than a decade to the completion of this seminal design.  A series of influential museum commissions followed, including the Felix Nussbaum Haus, Osnabrück; Imperial War Museum North, Manchester; Denver Art Museum; Contemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco; Danish Jewish Museum, Copenhagen; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto; and the Military History Museum, Dresden.

In 2003, Studio Libeskind won another historic competition—to create a master plan for the rebuilding of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan.  In addition to a towering spire of 1,776 feet, the Libeskind design study proposed a complex program encompassing a memorial, underground museum, the integration of the slurry wall, special transit hub and four office towers.  This plan is being realized today.

Upon his move to New York, Studio Libeskind quickly became involved with designing and realizing a large number of commercial centers, such as Westside in Bern, the Crystals at City Center in Las Vegas, and Ko-Bogen in Düsseldorf, as well as residential towers in Busan, Singapore, Warsaw, Toronto, Manila and Sao Paulo.

As Principal Design Architect for Studio Libeskind, Mr. Libeskind speaks widely on the art of architecture in universities and professional summits.  His architecture and ideas have been the subject of many articles and exhibitions, influencing the field of architecture and the development of cities and culture.

Mr. Libeskind lives in New York with his wife and business partner, Nina Libeskind.  He is a licensed architect in the State of New York.



Arnault Biou

Arnault Biou serves as a lead designer on many international competitions as well as on large scale construction projects around the world. He has overseen design and construction of the courtyard extension for the Jewish Museum in Berlin, as well as for Reflections at Keppel Bay, a large residential complex in Singapore and the Corals condominium development adjacent to it. He is currently working on the L’Occitanie Tower in Toulouse, France.

Before joining the Studio in 2005, Mr. Biou worked as a senior architect with Steven Holl Architects where he was in charge of design and construction of the Whitney water plant and parc in New Haven. He also worked on the Iowa University School of Art, the Swiss Embassy in Washington DC, the Nelson Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City and the Turbulence House in New Mexico. He gained experience previously working for Gigon und Guyer Architekten (Zurich), BMB Architekten (Zurich) and Calatrava Valls SA (Zurich).

He received his Diploma of Architecture at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zurich in 1995. He has been a guest critic at Pratt in Brooklyn and City College in Manhattan. Arnault speaks French, German, and English.